The hemp value chain begins with seed breeding and multiplication followed by seed storage, soil preparation and planting.

After harvesting hemp, the bast fibers must be separated from the rest of the stalk and this is done through the process called retting. Once the stalks are retted, dried and baled, they are taken to a central location for processing. With mechanical process called breaking, stalks are pressed between fluted rollers to crush and break the woody core into short pieces (called hurds), separating some of it from the bast fibre. The remaining hurds and fibre are separated in a process called decortication with one machine called a decorticator. After this process various hemp raw materials are taken to the manufacturers who produce final hemp products such as bags, shoes, socks and cosmetics.